More than 540 companies have restated their financials to account for concerns by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) over special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) accounting issues, according to reports.
Restatements totaled 571, including 231 that just needed slight revisions, according to Audit Analytics and Bloomberg Law. A look at data by The Wall Street Journal put the number at more than 540. More than 85% of all SPACs had to make adjustments, according to the Journal.
- Accounting for warrants, which sponsors include as part of their share offering as an inducement to investors, is the main driver of the restatements, BDO executive Demetrios Frangiskatos told Accounting Today. Warrants are fractional shares that investors can use to buy future shares at a certain price.
The restatements, either to the company’s 10-K or 10-Q, have been made mainly by the operating company rather than by the SPAC that’s trying to get SEC approval, the Accounting Today report said.
The SEC in April said the warrants should be treated as liabilities rather than as equity because of investor redemption risk.
As liabilities, the warrants must be valued quarterly, and because of the specialized terms companies are using in their warrant agreements, companies are having to use a complicated valuation process, like Monte Carlo or binomial tree, rather than something more basic like Black-Scholes. Monte Carlo factors in randomness while binomial tree looks at valuation over a period of time.
Reclassifying the warrants as liabilities tends to have a cascading effect on reporting. “When you reclassify the liabilities you’ve got to go back to the financial statements you issued and mark to market any changes, gains and losses, to the P&L, which obviously has an income statement effect, including to a balance sheet,” Frangiskatos said in the Accounting Today report.
Restatements involving operating companies, which are the targets of SPAC mergers, tend to happen during what’s known as the deSPAC process; that’s the point at which the SPAC has identified and then begun the merger process with the operating company. Restatements involving the SPAC sponsor tend to happen prior to that point, when the entity is trying to get SEC approval so it can start looking for a merger target.
The restatements at the SPAC level have slowed the SEC approval process, but analysts say the slowdown is temporary; the surge in SPACs, a way for companies to go public without using a traditional IPO process, is expected to continue.